Everything You Need To Know About IPO Allotment In The Stock Market

When investing in the stock market, one of the most important aspects is the Initial Public Offering (IPO) allotment process. This process involves the allocation of shares among investors.

An IPO allotment involves determining how many shares each investor will receive and at what price. To ensure fairness and equity, regulations must be followed when offering IPO allotments. This article will discuss everything you need to know about IPO allotment status in the stock market.


An Initial Public Offering (IPO) allotment is a process by which shares in a public company are offered to new investors. The offering is made through a stock exchange, and the company usually appoints an underwriter to help manage the offering.

The allotment of the shares is based on the price set for them and is distributed based on demand for the offering.

After the offering is made, the company will receive the proceeds from the offering, and investors will receive their shares. Sometimes, an investor may receive more or less than the number of shares they expected, depending on the demand for the offering.

The underwriter will also set aside additional shares to cover ‘oversubscriptions’ when more investors than anticipated demand the stock.

The IPO Allotment Process

The IPO allotment process is a critical step in the company’s offering and can be grueling for the company and investors. The process begins with the selection of the underwriter.

To ensure fair and equitable representation, the issuer must choose an underwriter registered with the SEC.

Once the underwriter is chosen, the issuer must develop an offering document that outlines the particular terms of the offering, such as the amount and type of shares, pricing, and other conditions. This document will be filed with the SEC.

Once this is done, the underwriter will do due diligence to ensure the offering is suitable for investors. This involves contacting potential investors and gauging their interest in the offering. Once an investor expresses interest, the underwriter will allocate shares to them.

Once the allotment process is complete, the issuer can determine how much money was raised and how many shares were sold. The underwriter will also keep a record of who was allocated what shares in the offering and how much they paid.

Factors Affecting The Process

Several factors determine the success of any IPO allotment. The key factors that affect an IPO allotment are the market conditions, the issuer’s performance, the offering price, and the offering size.

Market conditions play a key role in an IPO allotment. Generally, the higher the volatility in the market, the lower the demand for stocks. As a result, the stock’s offering price may become discounted, or the number of shares offered may need to be reduced.

The issuer’s performance is also an important factor in the success of an IPO allotment. The allotment will likely be successful if the issuer has a good track record with profitable growth and good financials.

The size of the offering is also a key factor. If the company offers too many shares, investors may not have enough capital to buy them. On the other hand, if not enough shares are offered, it may be difficult to find buyers.

Finally, the offering price is also a key factor in determining the success of an IPO allotment. If the price is too high, investors may be reluctant to purchase the shares. On the other hand, if the price is too low, the issuer may not be able to raise enough money for the offering.

Pros and Cons 

There are both pros and cons to investing in IPO allotments. One of the major advantages of investing in IPO allotments is that they can provide the investor with the opportunity to gain exposure to a company before the stock begins trading.

This can be beneficial as the company may rise in value once the stock begins trading. Additionally, the investor may be able to purchase the shares at a lower price than they would be able to if they bought them on the open market.

On the other hand, there are a few risks associated with investing in IPO allotments. Since the company is not yet trading on the open market, investors cannot access the company’s financials. This makes it difficult to properly evaluate the company’s prospects and can lead to poor investment decisions.

Additionally, investors may have difficulty unloading their shares if the stock does not perform as expected.


To conclude, investors need to understand the  5paisa IPO allotment process and the factors that affect it. Knowing the pros and cons of investing in IPO allotments can help investors make informed decisions.

Though investing in IPO allotments presents certain risks, it can also give investors the opportunity to gain exposure to a new company before it begins trading on the open market.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Audrey Phillip

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